Please try again later. Monoclamídeas.) ex Aiton is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Pelargonium (family Geraniaceae). It is hardy to zone (UK) 9 and is frost tender. This feature is not available right now. Gardening advice for Pelargonium (geraniums). No information was found for methods of prevention and control of this species, as it has not been reported to be usually problematic. Boca Raton, Florida, USA: CRC Press, 749 pp. Pelargonium zonale is an easy plant to grow, and does best in gardens where frost is not too severe. In the 16th century, Pelargonium seeds were transported from Africa to Leiden in the Netherlands, where the plant was grown in the botanical garden there. http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014. The aromatic, or scented-leaved, geraniums are found in… Measure the EC every week. The species was reportedly present in Hawaii by 1888 (Stone et al., 1992), but less data is available for this species in the Pacific and Asian region than other Pelargonium species and hybrids. Randall RP, 2012. The plants should be pruned after flowering, and they respond very well to feeding with liquid organic fertilizers. Watch Queue Queue. The bottom three flare out. Due to the variable regulations around (de)registration of pesticides, your national list of registered pesticides or relevant authority should be consulted to determine which products are legally allowed for use in your country when considering chemical control. Flora of Pakistan, 2014. Data source for updated system data added to species habitat list. Kress WJ, Defilipps RA, Farr E, Kyi DYY, 2003. Anales de la Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130. The species was not included in Macfadyen’s work on Jamaica (1837), Bello’s work on Puerto Rico (1881; 1883), or Britton and Millspaugh’s Bahama Flora (1920). Mechanicsburg, PA, USA: Stackpole Books, 260 pp. St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. > 10°C, Cold average temp. However, many Pelargonium hybrids have resulted from breeding programmes involving P. zonale, and some of these are now known to be weedy or invasive. It gradually reached the islands of the Caribbean, and in the 17th century it was already known in North America. Flora Europaea. Stearn WT, 1992. P. zonale usually does best in full sun and is sensitive to shade, but cultivar hybrids of P. zonale may tolerate some shade (PFAF, 2014; Royal Horticultural Society, 2014). see more; Family Geraniaceae . London, UK: Longman, Orme, Brown, Green & Longman, 351 pp. Beltsville, Maryland, USA: National Germplasm Resources Laboratory. and in colder areas must be grown indoors. Britton NL, 1918. Half opening umbel of a Pelargonium zonale, This article is about a wild species found in southern Africa. In Sardinia and Sicily, the species was also accidentally introduced but likewise has not become established (DAISIE, 2014). Acevedo-Rodríguez P; Strong MT, 2012. South African National Biodiversity Institute plant information website., South Africa: Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden, South African National Biodiversity Institute. Classic Diabolo. Bello Espinosa D, 1881. Within a few years, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular. The distribution in this summary table is based on all the information available. More information about modern web browsers can be found at http://browsehappy.com/. Some even have scented leaves. Primera parte.) Trailing types have green ivy-shaped leaves and others are wavy-margined. PELARGONIUM 2019/2020. Plants can be obtained from seeds or vegetatively. zonale was reportedly introduced to Europe at the turn of the eighteenth century by way of the Netherlands, where the garden in Leiden received seeds from the garden of the Dutch East India Trade Company in South Africa, and the plant was recorded to be growing in Amsterdam’s medicinal gardens by 1700 (Miller, 1996). Pelargonium zonale. Large round ‘zonale’ leaves with a faint brown marking. Anal. Jepson Flora Project: Jepson Interchange for California Floristics. In the wild it is found in from the Eastern to Western Cape Province. It is one of the parents of the widely cultivated plant Pelargonium × hortorum, often called "geranium", "zonal geranium" or "zonal pelargonium". P. zonale has been intentionally introduced by man beyond its native South African range to various parts of the world primarily for cultivation as an ornamental plant. See beautiful Pelargonium varieties here! Coastal plants: a guide to the identification and restoration of plants of the Perth region [ed. http://plants.usda.gov/, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. Washington, DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. The distinctly irregular flowers are borne in a typically umbel-like inflorescence (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). 585 pp. Prestoe H, 1870. Wallingford, UK: CABI, CABI, Undated a. CABI Compendium: Status as determined by CABI editor. The species was reportedly being cultivated in Trinidad in 1870 (Prestoe, 1870), and both Britton’s 1918 flora of Bermuda (1918) and Britton and Wilson’s flora of Puerto Rico and Virgin Islands (1923-1926) reported that many hybrids of P. zonale were common cultivated garden plants in these places. FloraBase - the Western Australian Flora. Jefferson's garden. Pelargonium zonale is an evergreen Perennial growing to 1 m (3ft 3in). (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Classic - Классик. The species was apparently growing in Amsterdam’s medicinal gardens in 1700 (Miller, 1996), and recent research provides evidence that P. zonale may possess haemostatic and astringent properties (Paez and Hernandez, 2003; PFAF, 2014). Western Australian Herbarium, 2014. http://florabase.dpaw.wa.gov.au/. The PLANTS Database. Manoa, Hawaii, USA: Cooperative National Park Resources Studies Unit, University of Hawai'i, 887 pp. The name comes from the parent plant Pelargonium zonale but they are usually referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum, a hybrid of Pelargonium zonale and Pelargonium inquinans. You might be surprised to know that these common plants are not geraniums at all. This species, when hybidized with closely related species, has yielded a group of hybrid plants referred to as Pelargonium x hortorum. Pelargoniums of Southern Africa. Pelargonium zonale. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Bolivia, Tropicos website. The hard-coated seeds germinate within 14 days at about 20° C. once the seed coat is compromised. Wiersema JH; León B, 1999. Pelargonium zonale. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. Pelargonium zonale - Пеларгония зональная Brocade. P. zonale is the parent of many, if not most, ornamental hybrids, such as the popular P. x hortum, the common garden pelargonium (Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Gametophytic count = 9,15; sporophytic count= 15, 24 (IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014). Свернуть. The species was described by the Dutch botanist Jan Commelijn (1629–1692) and illustrated with a watercolor by Maria Moninckx. One or more of the features that are needed to show you the maps functionality are not available in the web browser that you are using. The primary reason for this species’ spread to tropical regions around the world is for use as an ornamental flowering plant in botanical gardens, homes, and estates, and it was for this reason P. zonale has been used as a parent species in breeding programs across Europe and America since the eighteenth century (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996; SANBI, 2014). http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/index.html, IPCN Chromosome Reports, 2014. It was first cultivated in England by the Duchess of Beaufort between 1706 and 1710 (Walt, 1977; Miller, 1996). World Economic Plants: A Standard Reference. (Apuntes para la flora de Puerto Rico. 1192 pp. London, UK: B.T. Pelargoniums, commonly known as geraniums, are a large group of mostly evergreen and tender perennials used as bedding or houseplants. Nat, 10:231-304. Structure similar to all zonal forms available today, fleshy and thick stemmed. Its stems are succulent, hairy when young and becoming woody with age. Wallingford, UK: CABI, DAISIE, 2014. The zonal Pelargoniums. , Pelargonium zonale is an upright or scrambling shrub, normally growing to about 1 m (3 ft) in height. Despite a murky beginning in early 20th century herbal promotions, there appears to be some evidence for efficacy in treating bronchitis due to Pelargonium's direct antibiotic effect and host immune stimulation. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. The leaves are large, smooth or textured, fairly crisp and usually with a pale to dark horseshoe-shaped mark which is a characteristic of this species. Cultivars have also been developed from P. zonale which are likewise widespread in cultivation. Another source places this introduction a full century earlier in 1609, when a shipment apparently arrived from South Africa’s Cape colony to the Netherlands, but this is unlikely (Loewer, 2004). Propagation of Pelargonium zonale: Seed - best sown as soon as it is ripe in a greenhouse. Without any use of PGR’s, Red Explosion is recommended for warmer cultivation on benches. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=338, SANBI, 2014. Flora of Bermuda. Other articles where Pelargonium zonale is discussed: geranium: inguinans and P. zonale) are the familiar forms in garden culture and in pots indoors. The leaves often have a narrow, dark, zigzag "zone" of pigmentation, giving rise to both the scientific and common names. Liogier HA, Martorell LF, 2000. If EC in the substrate is above 2,0 - use clear water or fertilize with EC < 1,0 until the EC in the substrate is at desired level. – rodzaj bylin lub półkrzewów z rodziny bodziszkowatych.Liczy około 200 –250 gatunków roślin pochodzących głównie z Afryki Południowej (występuje tam 125 gatunków tego rodzaju). Española de Hist. It is in leaf all year, in flower from May to July. Pelargonium zonale Матеріал з Вікіпедії — вільної енциклопедії. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. Liogier HA; Martorell LF, 2000. Based on the existing literature, risk of introduction of P. zonale is low but not insignificant, as other members of the Pelargonium genus are listed as invasive and potentially harmful to biodiversity and native flora. Jump to navigation Jump to search. http://www.europe-aliens.org/, Flora of Pakistan, 2014. It is included but not listed as invasive in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012) and does not appear to be a priority species in the Pacific, as it has not yet received a PIER risk assessment. Pelargonia (Pelargonium L'Hér.) San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico, 382 pp. Plants for a future. It requires semi-shade to full sun conditions. P. zonale is widely distributed in its native South Africa, and is reported to be cultivated as an ornamental in various parts of the world including Bolivia, Colombia, Myanmar, various parts of Europe, parts of the West Indies, and the United States (Wiersema and Leon, 1999; Kress et al., 2003; Acevedo-Rodriguez and Strong, 2012; Bolivia Checklist, 2014; Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh, 2014; Flora of Pakistan, 2014; ITIS, 2014; SANBI, 2014; Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014). The attachment on the seeds of P. capitatum, for example, reportedly will essentially drill and secure the seed into soil if twisted by the wind or affected by movement of animals, and this species is considered one of the most widespread and naturally invasive of coastal weeds in the Perth region of Australia (Dixon, 2011; Western Australian Herbarium, 2014). Loewer HP, 2004. The root of the plant is typically distilled into an extract and used in cough and cold remedies to alleviate symptoms and reduce the duration of illness. The Distribution Table does not cover all places where it is cultivated, as it is not listed in the floras of some countries where it is present in cultivation. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. It was arguably during Victorian Britain that the cultivated geranium reached the height of its popularity, and the flower was a common feature in nosegays and poppies used to convey messages to one another through the ‘language of flowers’ that had been popularized during this time. Pa´ez X; Herna´ndez L, 2003. Usually grows up to 1 m (40 in) but can reach heights of 3 m, often found scrambling through bushes or cascading off cliffs. It is also an accidental introduction, as it has reportedly escaped from cultivation in Puerto Rico and the Mediterranean (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). Free and Open Access to Biodiversity Data. Collingwood, Australia: CSIRO Publishing, x + 277 pp. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: a systematic synopsis, 2nd edition revised., San Juan, Puerto Rico: La Editorial, University of Puerto Rico. Garden geranium (Pelargonium alchemilloides) weed management guide. Because of … Dixon K, 2011. Свернуть. Kress WJ; Defilipps RA; Farr E; Kyi DYY, 2003. Walt JJAvan der, 1977. Generate a print friendly version containing only the sections you need. In its native South Africa, P. zonale is common in coastal areas, and grows naturally in valleys and ravines, on forest margins, cliffsides and rocky outcrops with scrub vegetation (Walt, 1977; SANBI, 2014). Segunda parte. The petals are narrow and a bright, deep pink, with reddish lines along the petals' length. Index to Plant Chromosome Numbers (IPCN), Tropicos website. Washington DC, USA: Smithsonian Institution. Research is lacking on P. zonale’s potential invasiveness in its native South Africa and throughout the Tropics in order to better gauge the risk of introduction and spread of the species, especially in light of the mounting evidence of its medicinal value as a haemostatic agent and given its history as a cultivated ornamental species. A favorite of Queen Victoria, Pelargonium 'Appleblossom Rosebud' (Zonal Geranium) is a bushy, evergreen, tender perennial with striking rounded clusters, densely packed with fully double rose-shaped flowers of white tipped with rose-pink. Other Pelargonium species that have proved to be weedy sometimes require government assistance to stop infestations using chemicals, such as the case of P. alchemilloides, which is one of 28 plants listed in Australia’s Federal Government Alert List for Environmental Weeds (CRC for Australian Weed Management, 2003). New York, USA: NL Britton & CF Millspaugh. www.europe-aliens.org/default.do. Scientific Survey of Porto Rico and Virgin Islands. Pelargonium amoenum hort. Global register of Introduced and Invasive species (GRIIS), USFS Pacific Island Ecosystems at Risk (PIER), Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD)., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. In Italy it was accidentally introduced through live “food trade, animals and plants used for ornamental purposes in parks, gardening, bonsai, etc.”, but reportedly did not become an established introduction in the country (DAISIE, 2014). Today the species is an introduced cultivated plant in Puerto Rico and is known to sometimes escape, usually in the mountains (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; ITIS, 2014).P. There are no pictures available for this datasheet, Debris and waste associated with human activities, Western Australian Herbarium, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. For cultivated plants known as "zonal pelargoniums" or "zonal geraniums", see, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pelargonium_zonale&oldid=989160035, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, All articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases, Articles with specifically marked weasel-worded phrases from March 2020, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 November 2020, at 11:32. > 0°C, dry summers, Cw - Warm temperate climate with dry winter, Warm temperate climate with dry winter (Warm average temp. Risk of introduction for this species appears to be low, as it has been imported to Europe and other parts of the world for some time and has not yet been reported to be a high threat. In Puerto Rico, P. zonale is known to have escaped from cultivation, and is considered weedy in the Mediterranean (Liogier and Martorell, 2000; Randall, 2012). They look so great in pots and window boxes, and they are one of the most popular container plants. P. sidoides and P. reniforme are marketed as Umckaloaba or Zucol for bronchitis and pharyngitis. MacFadyen J, 1837. Geranium is also the botanical name and common name of a separate genus of related plants, also known as cranesbills. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). TO S C A N A ® Zonale. http://www.tropicos.org/Project/Pakistan. Перейти до навігації Перейти до пошуку P. zonale is a flowering plant native to South Africa that has been cultivated as an ornamental in tropical and subtropical parts of the world. Perth, Australia: Department of Agriculture and Food Western Australia, 1124 pp. Pelargonium zonale, known as wildemalva in Afrikaans, is a species of Pelargonium native to southern Africa in the western regions of the Cape Provinces, in the geranium family. http://tropicos.org/Project/CV, Marianne Jennifer Datiles, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. © Copyright 2020 CAB International. The genus Pelargonium is divided into sections based on morphological and other features. Pelargonium zonale is an erect to scrambling shrub with almost succulent stems that are often hairy. The specific epithet zonale is the neutral inflected form of the Latin zonalis "relative to the zone", with reference to the brown zone on the leaf. Stored seed should be sown in early spring in a greenhouse. Brocade Salmon Night. Tropicos website St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. 2014, http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://tropicos.org/NameSearch.aspx?projectid=13, http://www.environment.gov.au/biodiversity/invasive/weeds/publications/guidelines/alert/p-alchemilloides.html, http://ucjeps.berkeley.edu/interchange/index.html, http://www.cabi.org/isc/FullTextPDF/2013/20133109119.pdf, https://www.rhs.org.uk/advice/profile?PID=338, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysimple.aspx, http://botany.si.edu/antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, http://botany.si.edu/pacificislandbiodiversity/micronesia/, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License, ‘alien’, ‘not established’ in mainland Italy, Sardinia, Sicily, Protected agriculture (e.g. A checklist of the trees, shrubs, herbs, and climbers of Myanmar. The plant species has also been investigated for use in treating gastritis. P. zonale is listed as ‘garden thug, naturalized, weed’ in the Global Compendium of Weeds (Randall, 2012). Edinburgh, UK: Royal Botanic Garden Edinburgh. Kew. http://www.hear.org/books/apineh1992/, USDA-ARS, 2014. CABI is a registered EU trademark. The flowers are borne in an umbel; individual flowers are markedly zygomorphic. CABI Compendium: Status inferred from regional distribution. https://plants.sc.egov.usda.gov, Vascular Plants of Antioquia, 2014. https://npgsweb.ars-grin.gov/gringlobal/taxon/taxonomysearch.aspx, USDA-NRCS, 2014. Presumably after 1700 the species was accidentally introduced to the wild in Spain and France where it was being grown as an ornamental, and it has since become established in parts of both countries (DAISIE, 2014). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website. London, UK: Cassell. Pelargonium zonale Fertilization & Substrate Important to keep EC levels of the growing media in the range of 1.5 –2.0. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). It also has potential for medicinal use. From shop … The genus name Pelargonium, in scientific Latin, derives from the Greek pelargós (πελαργός), designating the stork, the shape of the fruit evoking the beak of the bird. Members of the Pelargonium genus can disperse their small seeds by wind, water, and soil. Ciconium Group. Ivy, or hanging, geraniums (P. peltatum) are grown as basket plants indoors and out; they are also used as ground covers in warm areas. Topical hemostatic effect of a common ornamental plant, the geraniaceae Pelargonium zonale. Botanically, they are called Pelargonium. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Common names Geranio rosado in language. Pelargonium graveolens is an evergreen Shrub growing to 1.2 m (4ft) by 0.8 m (2ft 7in) at a medium rate. Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of the Department of Antioquia (Colombia), Tropicos website., St. Louis, Missouri and Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden and Harvard University Herbaria. The flora of Jamaica: A description of the plants of that island. glasshouse production), Cs - Warm temperate climate with dry summer, Warm average temp. Cell wall composition profiling of parasitic giant dodder (Cuscuta reflexa) and its hosts: a priori differences and induced changes. Leaves are reniform and petiolate with an average diameter of 5 to 8 cm.. Online Database. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm. When hybidized with closely related species, as it has not been reported to be usually.. Australia, 1124 pp are succulent, hairy when young and becoming woody with age ; count=. Found at http: //browsehappy.com/ by going to generate Report Sociedad Española de Historia Natural, 12:103-130 names of cultivated! 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CABI Compendium: status as determined by CABI editor version installing!, it reached the British Isles, France, Italy and Spain and became popular 15, (... Well-Drained soil and medium ( loamy ) soils and prefers well-drained soil have also been from!